March 18th 1963 Getz/Gilberto was recorded and a year later released on the Verve label. June 64 saw it climbing the charts and in July it was #5 on the pop charts. Getz/Gilbertowon Grammys “Album of the year” in 65, with “The Girl From Ipanema” the single of the year.
By 1950 Stan Getz began to depart from the style of his idol Lester Young. He formed a quartet with Horace Silver playing together for only a few months. 1951 he toured Sweden upon his return forming a quintet with Jimmy Raney developing a smoother style of Bop that would herald in the Cool Jazz style of playing. He played with Charlie Parkers Birdland sextet, and Miles Davis. Stan cut an album with Dizzy Gillespies sextet in 1953, a great example of his music during this transitional time of his life. In the 50’s Stan Getz became one of the most popular on the jazz scene, winning many Jazz Polls, playing with all the “GREATS” . When in 1958 he spent the next 2 years in Europe moving to Denmark.
Stan was born in Philadelphia 2 Feb. 1927. He started playing professionally in New York at 15. Lester Young was an early influence. He found that he could play a song perfectly after hearing it on the radio. Jack Teagarden hired him in 1943 and had to assume guardianship of him because of his age to keep him in the band. After 9 months Stan settled in Los Angelas and in 1944 he worked shorty with The Bob Chester Orchestra, Stan Kenton and Jimmy Dorsey while supporting himself as a hat salesman. He also had an opportunity to lead his own trio at the “Hollywood Swing Club” but went back to New York and in 44-45 joined Benny Goodman and recorded his very first solo with the group. He also recorded his first album Opus De Bop as a bandleader on the bebop label Savoy. He was fired by Goodman in 1946 and his soon to be wife Beverly Stewart arranged a job with Randy Brooks. 1947 Stan returned to California and this time found employment with Woody Herman, during this time frame Stan would develop his signature sound and became one of Woody Hermans Second Herd band which included 4 sax players Stan, Zoot Sims, Herbie Steward and Serge Charloff which were called “The Four Brothers”. Stans improvisational solo on Early Autumn a Ralph Burns composition featured on Woody Hermans “The Great Big band 1948 Capital recording established him immediately and he started to dominate the jazz polls. He was given the nickname “The Sound” due to his pure ,deep, tonal quality that was quite unlike anything anyone had heard before. Lester Young was quoted as saying that “Getz could sing songs on his tenor sax.
Starting next Monday and running thru Friday I will feature a week long Stan Getz session. Delving a little deeper into this man and the great sound he created.
The first recording of this style of jazz was The Birth of the Cool a 1950 Blue Note album by Miles Davis. Despite the top billing this album was a collaborative effort with many players and arrangers of the period, Miles Davis, Gerry Mulligan, Gil Evans, Lee Konitz, John Lewis, and Gunther Schuller. At the time it was felt that Miles was the best player to represent this new style. This style came about as West Coast (California) players infiltrated the Bop players and the New York jazz scene. Gil Evans and Gerry Mulligan both working with the Claude Thornhill Orchestra developed a softer sound and more intricate arrangements. This new style arriving shortly after Bebop had begun to establish itself, was immediately unpopular. This COOL style slowly gained popularity and was later known as West Coast Jazz. Miles Davis’s Kind of Blue album is the best selling jazz album of all time and is the masterpiece of COOL JAZZ.
Stan Getz a major tenor sax soloist and bandleader for over 35 years, also known as “The Sound” for his big, full, pure, lyrical tonality. Jack Teagarden (Trombone) and Lester Young were early influences. John Coltrane was an admirer of his sound and it set him apart among other great saxophone players of the day. Stan was West Coast Jazz a cool style with a little Bossa Nova thrown in. Essential albums: