Miles Davis and his second great Quintet
‘Second Great Quintet’ (1964-1968), which consisted of Herbie Hancock on piano, Ron Carter on double bass, Tony Williams on drums, and Wayne Shorter on tenor saxophone. Albums attributed to this group are 1965’s ESP, 1966 Miles Smiles, 1967 Sorcerer, 1967 Nefertiti, 1968 Miles in the Sky, and 1968 Filles de Kilimanjaro. The quintet’s approach to improvisation came to be known as “time no changes” or “freebop,” because they abandoned the chord-change-based approach of bebop for a modal approach. Through Nefertiti, the studio recordings consisted primarily of originals composed by Shorter, and to a lesser degree of compositions by the other sidemen. In 1967, the group began to play their live concerts in continuous sets, with each tune flowing into the next and only the melody indicating any sort of demarcation; Davis’s bands would continue to perform in this way until his retirement in 1975.