George Russell composer and Jazz Pianist. He is credited as being the first jazz musician to contribute to general music theory based on Jazz rather than European music in his 1953 book The Lydian Chromatic Concept of Tonal Organization. Inspired by hearing Thelonious Monk’s “Round Midnight” he moved to New York and became a member of a group of jazz innovators who hung out at a 55th street apartment of another jazz composer Gil Evans. A group that included Miles Davis, Charlie Parker, Gerry Mulligan and John Lewis of Modern Jazz Quartet. It was a remark that Miles Davis made to George when asked what was his musical aim? Miles replied that he wanted to learn all the changes. Knowing that Miles already knew how to arpeggiate each chord, Russell reasoned that Miles meant that he wanted to find a new and broader way to relate to chords. 1945-1946 saw Russell hospitalized with Tuberculosis where he worked out his new theory. Russell’s ideas were crucial in the “model” music of Miles Davis and John Coltrane. Russell later applied his theory to composition. His music is fantastic!!! Ezz-Thetics, The Outer View, and George Russell Sextet at the 5 Spot are 3 great albums to start with. Discography
Considered the most significant and influential baritone saxophonist in jazz. Baritone Sax wasn’t considered a “Hard Bop” instrument but Pepper Adams style and technique was quick with a big sound that fit well with this music. He was nick-named ‘The Knife’ for his sound on the horn, he can be heard on John Coltrane’s Dakar, Lee Morgan’s The Cooker, and Charles Mingus’s Blues and Roots. As a leader I suggest 3 albums, Encounter, 10 to 4 At The 5 Spot, and The Adams Effect. His collaborations with Donald Byrd and his double album At The Half Note Cafe are MUST HAVES.
Shelly Manne, He did for West Coast Jazz what Art Blakey did for Hard Bop. His famous Jazz club “Manne Hole” in L.A. was venue for every visiting jazz artist and many great albums were recorded there. I highly recommend his At The Blackhawk vol. 1-5 and At The Manne Hole vol. 1 and 2 as some of the best “Live” albums to experience.
A Member of Art Blakeys Jazz Messengers from the late 50’s and Miles Davis’s second great quintet of the 60’s. Co-leader of the group Weather Report the Rock-Fusion band in the 70’s.
Three essential albums by this great artist are:
Chicago Jazz Festival Sept. 4th-6th, 2009.
The Savoy a brief history.
1st. Annual Underground Big Apple Jazz Tour June 26th – July 4th. This tour, hosted by New York jazz expert Gordon Polatnick, is the real deal for jazz buffs.”
NY Jazz Report : NY guide to Jazz with listings.
Krzysztof Komeda 27 April 1931 – 23 April 1969, Polish film music composer and jazz pianist. Worked with Roman Polanski on several films including Rosemary’s Baby. The Komeda sextet was Polands first modern jazz group. Check out his best of album The Genius of Jazz. The Komeda Project is a New York City based jazz quintet performing the music of Krzysztof Komeda. This is some very interesting music indeed.