John Coltrane beginning in Bebop and Hardbop, he later practically invented Free Jazz. He is one of the most significant saxophonist in jazz history. He played on Miles Davis’s Milestones and Kind of Blue albums playing the tenor sax. His influences were Sidney Bechet and Steve Lacy and in 1960 he formed his own group McCoy Tyner, Elvin Jones, and Steve Davis recording for Atlantic Records My Favorite Things which also was a debut for his decision to change to soprano sax. 1961 saw his switch to Impulse where he was given creative freedom to explore and help lead the way in the Avant-garde or Free Jazz movement. 1961 also saw Reggie Workman replacing Steve Davis on bass and Eric Dolphy as a second horn. During this period critics branded him and his group as members of the “anti-jazz” or “Free jazz” movement lead by Ornette Coleman. 1962 Dolphy left the band and Jimmy Garrison replaced “Workman” to form his “Classic Quartet”. This quartet in 1964 recorded the most favorite album A Love Supreme. In 1967 John died of Liver Cancer leaving behind a tremendous legacy. Ravi Coltrane his son is a tenor and soprano saxophonist, band leader and composer. He plays in the group The Blue Note 7 commemorating Bluenotes 70 years as a jazz leader.
John Coltrane discography Link